SIMULATION OF RAREFIED GAS FLOW IN A RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE
The present work investigates the effects of rarefaction on gas flow patterns in a lid-driven cavity using the simulation package dsmcFoam, on the OpenFOAM platform. Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method is a simulation technique which caters to the regime in between the computationally intensive molecular dynamics solvers, as well as the often inaccurate
NS based solvers (applied to the rarefied gas simulations).
It was proposed by G.A. Bird which employs the stochastic modelling of particle motion.
Simulations are performed and results are verified for the flow of a rarefied gas (Argon) for different lid velocities within the domain. The results are presented as streamlines, contours of velocity, pressure and temperature, along with velocities in X and Y directions. They have been found to be in good agreement with the previous experimental and numerical observations. Our simulations show that these eddies are much harder to observe in the rarefied domain, and cannot be observed upto velocities as high as 200m/s in a cavity with aspect ratio 1.